For much of its life, people weren’t even sure what to call the four square miles or so of filled-in tidal flats-turned-industrial heart of Seattle. For years, until a marketing campaign promoted the name SODO (as in “south of the dome”), the area made do with the generic descriptor of “the industrial area.” Even though the Kingdome was blown up, some still call this neighborhood SODO, as in “south of downtown.”
SODO, the area has been a mishmash ever since someone got the idea of filling in those tidal lands: rail yards and sawmills, meat packers and metal shops, a seaport, warehouses, a huge Hooverville during the Depression, the first Costco store, a giant Sears store and distribution center that later became Starbucks’ headquarters, and sports stadiums.
Change has been a given. The sawmills and shipyards gave way to warehouses for the port, which were done in by containerized cargo. Home improvement wholesale and retail outlets moved in. The one unwavering characteristic of the district has been the presence of eclectic, unlikely, and marvelous conglomerations of entrepreneurial spirit and their contradictions.
Today SODO is a vibrant and diverse business district with a strong industrial presence intermixed with retail, office and service businesses. SODO is also home to a burgeoning entertainment and nightlife scene, with bars, restaurants, clubs and event spaces opening up across the district.
BILL VIRGIN, Seattle Business Magazine
DAN RALEY, Tideflats to Tomorrow: The History of Seattle’s SoDo
Pre – 1880s
The name “Seattle” is an Anglicization of Si’ahl (1780-1866), the most famous Duwamish (dxʷdəwʔabš) chief.
As a boy, Si’ahl saw British Captain George Vancouver’s ships passing through the Khwulch (Puget Sound) in 1792. From the early years of European-American settlement, Chief Si’ahl and the Duwamish tribe worked hard to be protectors and benefactors of the European-American immigrants.
The land that SODO sits on today was once nothing but sand, mudflats and sediment that would only be revealed during low tide. The tide flats of SODO would remain as coastline to Elliot Bay for the first few decades of Seattle’s infancy.
Ever since Seattle’s inception the tidelands immediately south of the City have been focused on industry. SoDo’s earliest configuration consisted of buildings and train tracks elevated over the water.
Pressure from a period of rapid growth in the City results in increased demand for flat workable space close to downtown.
The redevelopment of the area becomes a major investment opportunity. “Tide Lands of Seattle. Tidelands have been and for the next five years, will be the premises where more profits can be obtained for the same amount of money invested than any other property in the city of Seattle. When in doubt buy Tidelands. Tidelands spell fortunes. Fortunes lie hidden in mud. Buy Tidelands in Seattle and gain the beginning of a fortune.”
Unemployed workers build shacks on nine acres of vacant land located a few blocks south of Pioneer Square in Seattle. They call the shantytown Hooverville, in ironic homage to President Herbert Hoover (1874-1964), on whose beat the Great Depression began. Seattle’s Hooverville remained in existence for the years of the Depression. It was one of several such communities of shacks and shanties that homeless people built in King County during the 1930s.
1930s – 1940s
Throughout the great depression Hooverville remained occupied and even burnt down in 1941 only to be rebuilt.
The Tidelands Area begins to fulfill its promise of becoming attractive land for commercial business ventures with the opening of a major retailer in Sears.
The landscape of the District is changed yet again with the addition of the Interstate system and I-5.
The configuration of SoDo that we know today begins to develop and the area sees the addition of its first major sporting venue in the King Dome.
The area cements itself as an eclectic District located at the intersection between a premier manufacturing and industrial area, Downtown Seattle’s financial sector, the port of Seattle and major sports venues.
In 1994 conversations begun regarding whether or not to replace our Kingdome stadium after some ceiling tiles started falling within the structure. Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft, stipulated that he would purchase the team as long as he could have a stadium to host them. After a successful baseball season it was decided to revive the area with a new stadium in 1997.
For over eight decades, the land today referred to as SODO did not have an official title. The area just south of downtown Seattle would originally be coined as SODO in 1979 by Peter Miller, however the name didn’t stick until the phrase “Soho Mojo” was introduced by the Mariners in spring 2000. That season the Mariners would go on to win 91 games, officially making SODO a household name for fans and locals alike.
The establishment of the SODO BIA in 2013 revived the area with services and amenities to help optimize business success. This opportunity to improve health and safety, transportation, communication and advocacy programs in the neighborhood has been transforming SODO from more than just an industrial area. The SODO Track was completed in 2018 by over 60 muralists, expanding over 2 miles in the heart of SODO.
Today SODO continues to develop and grow as an industrial district to metropolitan Seattle. Many manufacturing plants, building supply stores, logistic companies, breweries, dispensaries and government offices call the area home. SODO continues to be a central hub for industry in the region.